JESUS the BRIGHTNESS of GOD’S GLORY: “who being the brightness of His glory and the express image of His person” (Heb 1:3). Christ is here described as “the resplendent outbeaming of the essential glory of God” (Adam Clarke). He is the “shining forth” (W.E. Vine) of God’s character. The writer is careful to explain that the One who is the effulgence (“brightness taken to the extreme”) of God’s glory should not be considered like the rays of the sun to the sun, for the rays are minor manifestations of the light and heat of the sun itself. No, the One who outbeams God’s essence is also “the express image of His person.” To put it in other words, the radiant splendor by which He communicates God’s character to us is the same as the inherent splendor of God that resides in Him. The earthly throne of God, called the ark, showed Christ’s humanity like the incorruptible acacia wood; but this is the gold of Deity both “without and within” (Ex 25:10-11)!